Showing 10 of 145 results found.

Ocean Planning and the Gulf of Maine: Exploring Bi-National Policy Options

  • Country: United States of America
  • Published Date: 30/05/2010

This Article (1) highlights the underlying economic rationale behind why the two neighbouring countries of Canada and the United States sought to clarify a single maritime boundary in the Gulf of Maine; (2) identifies the challenges confronting the parties in managing their ocean resources, after ownership had been established, particularly in light of growing energy-related exploitation demands; (3) discusses mechanisms for ocean planning and management adopted by each party to utilize its living and non-living resources; (4) presents two examples of existing bilateral cooperation from which lessons can be gleaned for future collaborative efforts; and (5) identifies policy options and an implementation mechanism for transboundary cooperation in the Gulf of Maine that could potentially meet the objectives of both countries as they seek to implement marine spatial planning in their respective maritime zones.
Acknowledgement: The article was identified by Tethys. For more information visit their website at

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Renewable energy vs. biodiversity: policy conflicts and the future of nature conservation

  • Country: NA
  • Published Date: 06/08/2011

The European Union’s (EU) network of nature conservation areas – Natura 2000 – covers almost 18% of EU territory, and is subject to strict legal protection, which is enforced by the European Commission, a supranational authority. Given the Natura 2000 network’s size, conflicts between Natura 2000 and renewable energy projects are inevitable, particularly as countries push to meet their 2020 energy and emissions reduction targets by pursuing more – and larger – renewable energy projects. Focusing on two cases in the renewable energy sector – a hydroelectric dam in Portugal’s Sabor valley, and a large tidal barrage in the UK’s Severn estuary – this article shows that the EU’s strict biodiversity protection regime could necessitate the rejection of many large renewable energy projects. That is, it may not be possible as a matter of EU law for national authorities to grant permission for such projects. The potential for such difficulties will be shown to be highly visible to policymakers, and could, this article argues, trigger negative impacts in terms of the rule of law, and negative feedbacks on nature conservation policies in the EU and, by way of precedent, globally. The legal issues presented here should not, this article argues, be regarded as insurmountable problems, nor as a trigger for reforms aimed at weakening biodiversity protections. Rather, these issues are better regarded as an opportunity for an open, informed, global debate regarding the relationship between biodiversity and climate change policies, and the hierarchy, if any, between them.
Acknowledgement: The article was identified by Tethys. For more information visit their website at

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The Power of Scotland Secured: Summary for Policy Makers

  • Country: Scotland
  • Published Date: 22/02/2011

RSPB Scotland in conjunction with Friends of the Earth Scotland and WWF Scotland have produced a report showing that it is possible to have a clean, green energy supply in Scotland. The analysis shows that Scotland could phase out all fossil fuel and nuclear power by 2030, maintain a secure electricity supply and generate significant revenue from renewable exports. This summary sets out implications and conclusions for policy makers as understood by FOES, WWF and RSPB. The full technical report by GL Garrad Hassan is available at

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